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Psychology 120 The Brain

Terms

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What are the three key structures of the hindbrain?
Medulla
Pons
Cerebellum
What structure of the brain is responsible for life survival functions (breathing and heart rate)?
Medulla
What structure of the brain is responsible for respiration, movement, walking, sleeping, and dreaming?
Pons
What structure of the brain is responsible for coordination of fine muscular movements, balance and some aspects of perception and cognition?
Cerebellum
What division of the brain regulates basic movement patterns (eating, drinking, etc), sleep and arousal?
Midbrain
What structure of the brain runs through the hindbrain, midbrain, and brainstem and screens incoming information and controls arousal?
Reticular formation
What structure of the brain is responsible for the collection of upper-level brain structures?
Forebrain
What are the structures of the forebrain?
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Limbic system
Cerebral cortex
What structure of the brain is responsible for relaying sensory messages to the cerebral cortex?
Thalamus
What structure of the brain is responsible for emotions, drives, and regulating the body’s internal environment?
Hypothalamus
What structure of the brain is an interconnected group of forebrain structures involved with emotions, drives, and memory?
Limbic System
What structures are in the limbic system?
Hippocampus
Amygdala
Hypothalamus
What structure of the brain is involved in establishing long-term memory?
Hippocampus
What structure of the brain is involved in memory and emotion, particularly aggression?
Amygdala
What structure of the brain monitors blood to determine the condition of the body?
Hypothalamus
What structure of the brain is a thin surface layer on the left and right cerebral hemispheres regulating most complex behavior, including sensations, motor control, and higher mental processes?
Cerebral cortex
What are the four lobes of the cerebral cortex?
Frontal
Parietal
Occipital
Temporal
What lobe of the brain is involved in movement and thinking?
Frontal lobe
What lobe of the brain is involved in touch sensations and perceiving spatial relationships?
Parietal lobe
What lobe of the brain is involved in visual perception and processing?
Occipital lobe
What lobe of the brain is involved in processing sounds, including speech, and possibly involved in long-term memory?
Temporal lobe
What lobe of the brain receives and coordinates messages from other lobes and is responsible for motor control, speech production, and higher functions, such as thinking, personality, emotion, and memory?
Frontal lobe
Who is Phineas Gage?
Miner who suffered a frontal lobe injury
What lobe of the brain is responsible for interpreting bodily sensations?
Parietal lobe
What lobe of the brain is responsible for audition, language comprehension, memory, and some emotion control?
Temporal lobe
What is the bundle of nerve fibers connecting the brain’s left and right hemispheres?
Corpus callosum

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