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master nl 1


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1st series of Questions to answer every time I act
How are my opponents playing? Conservatively/ Aggressively/ Tentatively? What are the hands my opponents are likely to hold? What do my opponents think I have? Am I in good or bad position?
2nd series of Questions to answer every time I act.
Do I have the best hand? Do I think I can force weak opponents out of the pot with this bet or with future bets? Do I have a good draw and I think there is a good chance my opponents will fold? Yes answers almost always mean betting/raising.
3rd Set of Questions to answer if Im not going to bet/raise.
Do I have the worst hand? Are my opponents strong? Am I on a draw but not getting a good price? Yes answers to these questions usually mean checking or folding. If I don’t think I should raise/bet or check/fold, then I can check/call.
Common mistakes opponents make and exploitive counterstrategies
1)Doesn’t bluff enough—when they bet/raise, give them credit for a good hand. 2)Overvalues top pair—overbet the pot and put them in a position to make a mistake. Play more small pocket pairs vs them. 3)Underbets the pot.—just call with draws. 4)Calls too much—don’t bluff but value bet a lot.
Implied odds boosters
1)Overaggressive players(+) 2)Loose players(+) 3)Draw is hidden (+) 4)Draw can be made with an overcard to the board (+) He is deep-stacked (+) You have a loose image (+) In position(+) Just lost a big hand(+) You just sucked out on him(+)
Implied odds limiting conditions
1)Tough players (-) 2)Weak tight players(-) 3)Passive players(-) 4)Draw is obvious(-) 5)Draw might make a better hand than yours(-) 6)He is shortstacked (-) 7)You have a tight image(-) Out of Position (-)
What to look for in opponents
1)betting patterns 2)put them on hands 3)Watch the hands they showdown, remember what they did through hand. 4)Figure out what state of mind they are in. 5)Think about what motivates them.
When is open-limping preferable to raising pf?
1)Im going for a limp-reraise. 2)The blind players are weak-post flop. 3)Limping will help deceive my opponents. 4)I want to play in position vs a weak player
Raising preflop considerations
1)is he easy to read ++ 2)Does he fold too much preflop++ 3)Does he fold too much postflop++ 3A)I am in the blinds(+) 4)We have deep stacks and Im in position(+) 5)Does he call too much postflop(-) 5)Do you want a big pot or a small pot?
Ac-Kd vs Ah-Qs
Ac-Kd vs 7h-2s
Ac-Kd vs Qc-Jd
A miniraise preflop means
From a weak player it is hard to tell, you have to know if he minibets strong hands. From a strong player, be wary. He either wants to find out where he is with a medium pair like 10s or he wants to build the pot slowly without scaring you with a big hand like KK or AA.
My opponent raises preflop, I’ve got a very strong hand. Factors that point towards a raise
If I am out of position, I am more likely to reraise and try to take the pot away, negating my positional disadvantage. ***If I think he is on A-K, or a big pair (KK, QQ, JJ) and I have AA, I always reraise. People cant wait to reraise allin. If they have a big hand and overcards hit the flop I wont get paid off unless they flop a set.*** Vs a better player, be more apt to raise and try to take the pot away. It is easier to make decisions preflop vs a tricky opponent. ****If I think he will go broke with AQ or AJ I reraise. ****If I have fewer chips, I reraise more often than if I have more chips. I want him to feel as though he can push me off my hand and not fear going broke. ***with KK or QQ I almost always reraise. An ace will hit the flop 17% of the time when I have KK and an ace or a king will hit the flop 35% of the time that I have QQ.
My opponent raises preflop, I’ve got a very strong hand. Factors that point towards a call.
If I am in of position, I am more likely to call. **If my opponent plays predictable poker, be more likely to call. ***Vs LAG who usually bets after the flop, smooth call in position and try to trap him. ***If he overplays top pair, call and hope he catches top pair to my overpair. ***If I have A-K and he is the type to make the third raise with JJ or a worse pair, I often just call preflop.
He c-bets and you flop a monster
mix of 2/3 calls and 1/3 immediate raises vs a good player.. Be more likely to raise a flop with an ace.
He c-bets and you flop a medium-strength hand
just call in position and bet the turn about 2/3 of the time, adjusting according to how often he fires a second barrel.
Deciphering his c-bets
how often does he bet after raising preflop**how big are these bets?**Is he aware of position and flop texture
c-bet less on an A-high flop since there are no overcards. ½ pot you need to be successful 33% of the time. ¾- 41% full pot 50%. Vs good players, don’t bet 20% of the time, 30% bet ¾ pot. 50% bet full pot
When you have a monster and you think he has top pair, good kicker, the pot-pot-pot line
13x the preflop $
When you have a monster and you think he has top pair, good kicker, the pot-pot-1/2pot line
8.5x the preflop $
When you have a monster and you think he has top pair, good kicker, the 3/4pot-2/3pot-1/2pot line
5x the preflop $, you need to be much more certain he will fold top pair to take this line.
Getting all-in
if you want to get all in on the next street, bet 1/3 of effective stack, if you want to get all-in over the next two streets, bet 1/9 of effective stack, then 1/3 of effective stack
Under what circumstances is it never wrong to move all-in pf?
1) I have the best hand and I think my opponent will call. 2)I have the worst hand and I think he will fold and the pot is big enough to steal. 3)I have the worst hand, but even if he calls I will be getting the right odds. 4)I may have the worst hand, but against an all-in bet, my opponent may fold. I have folding equity and equity from the chips in the pot. 5)Im getting the right pot odds no matter what he holds. 6)I have the best hand, and he has the right pot odds to call any bet I make, but an all-in bet might scare him into folding.
Pot commited
when a player enters a pot before the flop and has more than half of his chips in action.
Flop thinking
what are my opponents likely to hold? What mistakes can I force them to make?- folding a better hand, calling a big bet with a worse hand, failing to bet/raise when I have the worst hand or draw.
Optimum small blind play
75% of the time when you choose to play, come in for a raise. 25% of the time complete, but make ¼ of these powerhouse hands. Adjust your completing % according to the frequency the BB raises you when you complete.
Paired flops
lead out 1/3 to ½ the pot. Especially from the blinds vs limpers
Heads up postflop considerations
1)What did I do preflop and what is my table image. Unless I have a bad table image, when I raised, they should put me on a good hand
Heads up postflop- I raised pf and someone called me with position. Blinds fold
continuation bet 65% of the time. 35% of the time I flop a pair or better. 10-15% of the time when I flop some kind of draw. 10-20% of the time when I missed the flop entirely. (1/2 pot bet). They are flopping something 35% of the time. Consider exploitive adjustments.
Heads up postflop- I raised pf and I get called by someone with worse position.
If he checks to me, I bet 85% of the time. A little less against someone who likes to check-raise maybe 65%.(1/2 pot bet)
Heads up postflop-someone else raises pf. I call with position.
If he checks to me, he is weak or he is trying to trap me. Bet 50% of the time. Rarely bet an oesd, take a free card, especially vs someone who likes to check-raise. Bet flush draws(hard to get paid off) and gutshots(hard to catch). (1/2 pot bet)
Heads up postflop- someone else raises pf. I call in worse position.
I am usually playing hands that will hit the flop hard (small to medium pocket pairs, suited connectors.) If I hit the flop hard, I bet out and hope to get raised, this helps balance my play when I donk with nothing. (1/2 pot bet)
Heads up postflop-Someone limps pf. Sb folds. I check BB.
Bet 65% of the time, hand or not. Check-raise 10-15% of the time. (75% of the time I have a hand.) Be more likely to bet a flop of high or low cards.
Guidelines vs multiple opponents
1)rarely bluff, if its checked around to me, then check it. 2)almost always bet the best hand. 3)bets should narrow the field If I don’t win it right away.4)If middle-action opponents are short-stacked, be more likely to check-raise. 5)If late position opponents are short-stacked, almost never check-raise or check-call.
I have 6-6 in bb and get a free look after two middle opponents limp. Flop comes Kd-Qh-6d. first player after me is short-stacked.
If I bet right out and my short-stacked opponent has a good hand, he’ll call. But then the last player will have odds to call as well, I cant put pressure on him. If I check, short stack might bet all-in and it will put the last player in a tough position. If he calls, you can check-raise and get a ton of dead money.
I flop a good draw to a straight or flush. I check, opponent make a pot sized bet.
I am getting 2-1 on a call but Im 4-1 to make my draw on the turn. I have to fold. I could have made a defensive bet.
Defensive bets
when you flop a good draw. Best made vs player who are hesitant to raise, prone to slowplay, or aggressive players who will bet big if I check. Then if they pick up on it and start raising, I will bet a strong hand in this manner.
Hands to go to war on the flop
especially against a player you think only has a pair.
Board texture vs bet size, things to make me bet closer to pot size
REMEMBER TO ADJUST TO YOUR OPPONENT. Starting from a minimum of 1/3 pot size bet** The weaker your hand is versus his range, the more you should bet. The weaker your hand is, the more hands he will be making a mistake by folding. **The less likely my hand is to improve, the closer to pot size I want to bet. If I am unlikely to improve, I want to get the money in now, or win the pot now, not later.**If I am likely to be ahead, the stronger their hand is likely to be, the closer to pot size I bet.**If am likely to be ahead, if they have a primary draw, bet closer to pot size.
Ac-Td. Flop Ah-Tc-4h
I flop top two pair. I want to get my money in, there is only a small chance has bottom set and an even smaller chance they flopped top or middle pair. If they play back at me, almost never throw it away vs a bad player, but be wary and attentive vs a good player. If my two pair are close in rank, there are probably straight draws, so be more aggressive.
Me- 6c-5d Flop-Ah-6d-5s
I flop bottom two pair. Play aggressive on the flop. Top pair has only 5 outs.
Me-6c-5d Board-Ah-6d-5s-8d-8c
If the turn and river card pair, I get counterfeited by top pair. Play aggro after the turn card and look to take the pot away.
Me-Ac-5d Board-Ah-9c-5c
I flop top and bottom pair. Top pair or overpair has 6 outs. Most vulnerable here so get it in on the flop.
In EP I limp with 88. LP raises. I call, flop K-8-5
He has to raise with A-K, K-Q, or AA. look at the board and determine if he is likely to have flopped top pair or an overpair. If yes, almost always bet because you want to be raised.
In Ep I limp with 10-10. A late position, tight player raises . I call Flop 10-8-2
If I don’t think he made top pair or an overpair, I will check, hoping to induce a bluff or hoping that they’ll check and improve a little on the turn.
I limp with 44 in MP. Folded to BB. Flop 10-4-3. He checks. I flop a set in position-
If they check to me, I have to decide if they really are weak or going for a check-raise. If I think they are weak, ill almost always check and hope they catch up a little on the turn card.
If I flop a set in position
If I think they have a good hand and are going to check-raise, I make a pot sized bet. If the flop has straight or flush possibilities I usually make a bet of ¾ pot size. If my opponent bets into me, I can call and trap on the turn or simply raise now. If he overplays top pair, I raise. If the board is Q high or lower, I always raise, since an A or K will kill my action. Also if board is coordinated I bet, or an ace is there and he bets.
Me-J-T Board-J-J-4. Him- AA or KK.
I flopped high trips. If I’ve flopped high trips and I put my opponent on an overpair to the board, I will nearly always bet or raise. I want him to reraise.
Me-J-T Board-J-J-4. Him- 55 or 77.
If I put him on a middle pair, I’ll often slowplay or go for a check-raise as long as he is aggressive enough to bet.
Me- 9-7 Board-J-9-9. Him- AA or KK.
I flopped low trips If I put him on an overpair to the board or paired with the high card on the board, I nearly always bet or raise. I want him to reraise.
Me- K-5 Board- A-5-5 Him- 88,99,or 1010
If I think he flopped middle pair, I’ll slowplay or go for a check-raise versus a good player. Vs a loose passive, still bet out, only not too big.
Me-A-2 Him- ??? Board- A-A-3
If I have an ace with a low kicker and flop high trips, I always bet if checked to. I want to get raised if they have me beat so I can see where I am. I will go for a check-raise if oop. If they quickly reraise, I want to find out quick if im behind.
In general, if I flop trips
HOW DOES HE EXPECT ME TO PLAY MY TRIPS? If he expects me to slowplay them, bet or raise. If he expects me to bet or raise them, I will slowplay.
Me- KQ Flop J-T-9.
Flopped straight, smart end, zero or one gap** bet the flop, ½ if unsuited, 2/3 if two suited, pot if 3 suited. I want action, and the turn can only scare my opponent. If I don’t bet the flop any K,Q,8, or 7 can make an opponent with top pair or a set think twice before making a big call. Consider opponent tendencies.
Me- 8-7 Flop J-T-9.
Flopped straight, dumb end, zero or one gap.** Play hyperaggressive to protect my hand. Bet at least the pot. There aren’t many cards that can come on the turn that will make me happy. I will be scared if a K,Q, or 8 shows. And a 7 will scare him.
Me- 98 Flop-Q-J-T.
Be careful, vs all the hands an opponent would risk a lot of chips you are only 48.5% after the flop (AK, KK, QQ, JJ, TT, KQ, KJ, QJ, KT, K9)
Me- J9 Flop Q-T-8
Flopped straight, two gaps.** If the board is suited, bet 2/3 of pot, otherwise bet half. There are only six cards that can come on the turn which will slow my opponent down. Any three of my highest card and three of my lowest card. 13% chance. IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO MAKE A STRAIGHT WITHOUT A TEN OR 5.
Me-As-10s Flop Js-4s-9s.
Often slowplay the nut flush, maybe to the turn or river.
Me-Ks-Js Flop-Qs-4s-9s Him-AQ
If you flop a flush and you think he has top pair or overpair, bet the pot.
Me-Ks-Js Flop-Qs-4s-9s Him-10-10
Often either check or make a weak looking bet maybe 1/3 pot. I hope he catches a piece or decides to bluff on the turn.
Me-9s-Js Flop-Qs-4s-9s Him As-Kc
If I don’t have the nut flush, im going to bet about ½ the pot and hope he calls with the nut draw. He will be making a big mistake, as he has a 14% of improving on the turn. He is getting 25% if he calls half the pot. If he gets cute and reraises with the nut draw, I will almost always reraise. If he already flopped a higher flush, I go broke.
Me-A-5 Flop A-A-5
I usually bet out or raise if he bets into me. If really want him to have the ace here and get frisky. Its possible all the money will go in on the flop if he has an ace. Bet about ½ pot usually. At best he will have 3 outs. I will usually bet this flop vs good players even if I don’t have an ace.
Me-A-5 Flop A-5-5
Go ahead and bet. If he has an ace you will get action. If not, slowplaying will be ineffective. The big danger in slowplaying is if I am against a pocket pair. Then he has a 4% chance of breaking me on the turn if he hits his two outer.
Me-AA Board-A-5-5 Him-KK
This is the only time to slowplay a full house. It is unlikely he catches up, but if he does he is toast.
Me-TT Board- T-8-8 Him QQ or KK
Here, usually bet out, since an ace on the turn will hurt your action.
Me-55 Board A-A-5 Him A-x
Here I am very vulnerable so play aggressively. I am only a 77% favorite.
Flopping a full house, considerations
1)If the board is flushing or straightening, be more likely to bet and hope they have the draw. They will probably call the bet, drawing dead. If the draw comes in, bet out and hope to get raised. 2)Betting out>slowplaying vs most players, since they expect your to slowplay good hands. You might get more action. 3)Vs players prone to overbetting the pot on bluffs, be more apt to slowplay.
Factors to make me want to bet the flop?
1.If he has a hand that beats me, can my bet get him to fold? **2.If he has a hand that Im beating, will he call my bet? **3.Are weaker hands likely in the pot that have a good chance to improve?
Considerations that make you more likely to bet a strong draw.
1)I raised preflop. Keep the lead to keep him guessing. 2)The more outs, the more aggressively you can play. 3)I sense weakness or uncertainty 3)If I am pot committed, I want to be making the last move, to gain folding equity 4)I have a straight draw and there is a two-flush on the board. 5)He is short-stacked 6)The board is paired, this means it is more difficult for him to have a hand worthy of continuing, and they will fear trips, so will be less likely to raise me. A 1/3 bet here is good since it matches your probe bets. 7)Flush draws have lower implied odds, so play them more aggressively. 8)I have the non-nut flush draw since If I hit on the turn, he will have outs
Considerations that make you more likely to play a strong draw passively.
1)If I am out of position and he underbets a lot. 2) If I have the nut flush draw 3)The board is three-suited and I have a straight draw. 4)I am in position and he is a check-raiser 5)My draw has a lot of outs and I will have to fold to a check-raise 6)The stacks are large 7)He is a calling station 8)My hand has value if I miss
Conditions to make me more likely to move in on the flop with a combo draw when Im bet into
1)The more outs I have 2)He is likely to fold 3) He will to make a big bet on the turn if I just call. 4)He can get away from hands 5)My draw is obvious 6)Stacks aren’t too big 7)Image is tight
Conditions to make me less likely to move in on the flop with a combo draw when Im bet into
1)I don’t have a lot of outs 2)He isn’t likely to fold 3)He wont make a big bet on the turn 4)He will call if I make my hand 5)My draw is disguised 6)Image is loose
You flopped a monster or combo draw, you want to get it all in on the flop. conditions to make you check-raise the flop
1)Pot is large in relation to stacks 2)dead money acts after PFR 3)PFR cbets a lot but gives up on turn
You flopped a monster or combo draw, you want to get it all in on the flop. conditions to make you bet/3bet the flop
1)Pot is small in relation to stacks 2)dead money acts before PFR 3)PFR likes to raise weak leads with air or weak hands
I have a good hand, raise pf. A good player calls me, and I’m OOP. I bet the pot after the flop, not giving draws sufficient odds to call. A good player calls anyway.
One of the scariest spots. Very often slowplaying a monster.
Turn general
Almost never give a free card if your ahead. Bet a reasonable amount relative to the pot. Don’t check-raise. Bet if checked to and you think your ahead.
Me-KcKs Board-Jh-4c-8h-3c-4h. I bet preflop and on the flop, where he called quickly. and turn, where he hesitated before calling. He donks all-in on the river
This timing is consistent with him having a flush draw that hit.
I improved on the turn. Factors to make me play aggro
I played passively on the flop. **He bets into me and I improved. ** I think a bet will convince him to fold a better hand. **I have the nuts. **I improved to two pair and I think I am ahead. Play very agro since im unlikely to improve and he might be live. Try to win immediately especially vs two opponents. **I have a straight and there is a flush draw. **I made a flush and the board is unpaired. He can have at best 10 outs (20%). A ½ pot bet gives him 25%.**I made a flush and he has a higher flush draw. He will win 14% of the time so make a moderate sized bet. They will usually call with the worst of it.**I made a full house and I think they are on a straight or flush draw. He will think hes drawing live.
When a scare card hits, general considerations.
If I was in the lead, I usually check behind or check/call. If he was in the lead, or displays any weakness on the flop, go after the pot and make a bet. If they might think the card helped me, I will confirm their suspicions.
Conditions for a big bluff of a scare card
The card fits some hands I might have been playing.**The player is medium ability.**He has shown he can lay down a hand.**I haven’t been catching a lot of cards**Tens and aces aren’t on the board.
Calling with a draw on the turn-things to give me more implied odds
he is in the habit of calling big river bets, he is strong but my draw is stronger, our stacks are deep, my hand is deceptive
Calling with a draw on the turn-things to give me fewer implied odds.
my draw has been telegraphed, he is an expert.
Semibluffing the turn-general
it works best if the showed weakness on the flop or turn.
Semibluffing the turn-factors that lead me to make one
turn gave me more outs, he showed weakness, it could have given me a better hand than his, he isn’t pot commited, I can put him to a critical decision, I have been showing down good hands, he isn’t in the habit of calling without pot odds.
River-When someone who has been playing a hand very weak suddenly comes to life on the river and makes a big bet
smell a bluff
River-When someone who has been playing a hand very aggro, suddenly gets timid after the river
sense a trap
River-When someone has played both aggro and tentatively
sense insecurity, maybe a medium strength hand.
River-If a good player bets after a river card that couldn’t have helped his hand
put him on a bluff, good players don’t bet medium hands on the river.
River-medium strength hands oop
In position on the river
if he checks to me and I am medium strength, dig deep. If he has shown weakness during the hand, often bluff on the river with a hand that cannot win without a bet. If I am medium strength and don’t have a good read, check behind. Be more likely to bet if the river card helped my hand or is a scare card for my opponent.
Factors to make me check-raise the river
Do this rarely, like 1/10.**He was on a draw that missed** He has a lot of chips and might want a better pot**He will call a check-raise**He is aggro***He will bet more hands than he will call with
Factors to make me bet out on the river instead of check-raising
Scary river card for him**I have already check-raised this hand.**He can’t afford to make a river bet.**He is passive
If he has JJ,QQ,KK,AA, or AK or AQ
it is 32-24 that doesn’t have a pair. 57% to 43%
If he has JJ,QQ,KK,AA or AK
it is 16-24 that he has AK. 40% to 60%
If he has QQ,KK,AA or AK
it is 16-18 that he has AK. 47% to 53%
If he has either AA, AK, or KK
it is 16-12 that he has AK. 57% to 43%
Combos of AK
-sixteen (4x4)
Combos of AA
-six (6)
Break even percentage. 7.5 to 1 pot odds
1/ (7.5+1)= 11.8
River betting checklist
1)Are you sure you have the best hand? 2)Will any better hands fold? 3)Will any worse hands call? How many hands and with what likelihood? 4)Will he bluff?
Big laydown checklist
His play is consistent with how he would play the big hand he is representing** Im not getting the right odds **He doesn’t respect my play**He isn’t a tricky player**I haven’t been forced off any good hands recently. **He cant afford to be making a mistake in this situation.**I have shown strength
Betting patterns to look for
1)Do they bet a good hand and check when they don’t?- Bet when they check. 2)Do they always bet flush and straight draws- Make a big raise when the board is flushing or straightening. 3)Do they ALWAYS make a continuation bet.—Smooth call in position with good hands and trap them on the flop. 4)Do they only fire one barrel? Call in position on the flop and bet if they check the turn. 5)Do they overbet when they are bluffing? Be more likely to call an overbet on the river. 6)Do they underbet the pot with weak hands? 7)How often and how much do they bet after leading preflop? 8)How do they play big hands? Do they bet medium hands and check-raise/slowplay monsters? 9)How often does he bluff on the end when he misses a draw?
Checklist for making a big bluff
a) HE IS TIGHT!!! 1)He believes I am playing tight 2)He hasn’t witnessed a bluff from me recently 3)He hasn’t been bluffed recently by another player 4)He is likely on a draw or medium strength hand 5)The pot is very large 6)I am sure I cannot win without a bet 7)HE ISNT ANYWHERE NEAR POT COMMITTED 8)He doesn’t have a huge stack or a tiny stack, so he will be hurt if he calls and loses 9)I have represented strength throughout the hand or it is plausible the last card dealt helped me a lot.

Deck Info