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What Is the Process of Identifying Training Requirements for Naval Personnel?
The navy determines training requirements from the fleet’s need for people with particular job skill. If the navy lacks skilled personnel, the navy then provides formal training.
What Is the Purpose of the Navy Training System?
Systematic approach for determining what to train and how best to train
Preparation to train
Delivery of training
Evaluation of training
What Is the Most Essential Single Link in the Training Chain?
What Are the Three Qualities of an Efficient and Effective Instructor?
Become familiar with students education background
Know instructional strategies and techniques
Leadership: plan and organize, discipline, and monitor progress and results
Instructional:techniques, methods, and principles
What Are the Instructors Responsibilities in Regards to Students, Safety, Security, and Curriculum
Students help resolve conflicts that hinder their training.
Safety demonstrate/teach proper safety procedures
Never discuss classified material not approved for course
Never discuss higher security clearance information than yours
Account for all classified training material
Curriculum must know the terms and definitions associated with curriculum
Interim change- a minor change doesn’t effect TO or EO’s
Change- Mod to training material doesn’t effect CO , course length or require additional equipment
Technical change- tactical or training unique equipment or documentation originating in the TSA.
Revision- changes to the CO, TO’s, course length and resources
What are the six key principles to applying motivation theory in a training situation.
Needs and Drives Desire for satisfaction
Interest Worthwhile or enjoying for its own sake
Attitudes Feeling for or against people, objects, or ideas
Values Attitudes and previous experiences affect the nature and amount of what they learn
Incentives Incentives or rewards can stimulate motivation
Achievements A strong desire, a longing, an aim, or a desired objective
What are the five techniques which can assist in developing motivational strategies for instruction?
Feedback Students need feedback when they are trying to meet goals
Interest Show interest in students, get involved, caring
Goals Establish goals so students know exactly what they are expected to know at the end of training
Participation Encourage participation (no question is a bad question)
Interesting Make subject interesting (motivation)
What is the ultimate goal of instruction?
Keep students motivated beyond the instructors influence
Apply what students have learned on the job
What are the five different ways of learning?
Imitation Imitate instructors behavior
Trial & Error Learning by doing
Association Comparison of past learning to new learning situation
Insight Whole is more than the sum of parts (book smart)
Transfer Applying past learning to new
What are the five laws of learning?
The single most important factor in a students educational advancement is ⬦⬦.
What are the five learning senses in order
Sight Most important (75% of basic learning)
Hearing Second most important
Touch Major learning factor when combined with other senses
Taste & Smell Part of human WARNING system
Kinesthesia Reaction and coordination
What are the six characteristics all students posses?
Succeed Instill self-confidence in students by providing reinforcement that encourages further learning
Maturity Treat students as adults
Recognition Always give recognition to students who respond to questions or contribute to classroom discussions
Evaluation of instructors
Fair Play Treat all students the same
Fallibility Have patience and provide encouragement as students move through training (Everyone makes mistakes
What are the four learning styles? What are the percentages?
Abstract Theory-based approach to learning (book smart)
Reflective Observation approach to learning (films)
Concrete Experience-based approach to learning (demo)
Active Hands on Training approach to learning (labs)

Abstract = 20%
Abstract and reflective = 50%
Abstract, reflective, and concrete = 70% (ARC)
Abstract, reflective, concrete, and active = 90%
What are the barriers to effective communication?
Lack of common core knowledge
Overuses of abstractions/acronyms
Environmental Factors
What are the three parts of a communication process?
Send the message
Receive the message
Why is listening one of the most important communication skills?
It demands concentration and attention
( The process of hearing and understanding )
What are the five factors that must be considered in planning instructional delivery?
Grammar - correct usage of spoken or written words
Articulation - simple words
Rate of speech - fast enough to interest / slow enough to understand
Force - adding emphasis
Inflection- change of pitch or tone of voice
What is the purpose of body movement?
It reinforces, emphasizes and clarifies verbally expressed ideas.
What are the four purposes of a good oral question?
Stimulate students thinking
Focus the students attention upon a particular area
Arouses interest in the subject matter
Drill students on subject matter they must recall precisely
What are the characteristics of a good oral question?
Level of Instruction Use simple words, correct grammar, and complete sentences
Use of Interrogative Use interrogatory words at the beginning of each question. (What)
Clarity and Meaning Avoid trick questions
What are the types of oral questions?
Factual Help students memorize facts
Thought-provoking Begins with interrogatory word
Multi-answer Used to increase student participation and allows students to think about other student answers
Leading Suggest its own answer
Canvassing Determines class level
Yes/No Focusing attention and encouraging participation
What are the five steps to the 5-step questioning technique?
Ask the question
Pick student by name
Listen and comment on answer
Emphasize correct answer
What are the five instructional methods?
Lecture with audio/visual
Role Play
Case Study
What are the three parts of a learning objective?
Behavior The student shall be able to do as an outcome of training
Condition Limiting factors
Standard Criteria
Upon completion of this lesson you will be able to apply an EWARP from memory without leakage.
What are the three learning domains?
What is the difference between CLO and TO?
CLO Reflects the specific skills and knowledge required in a job
TO A statement of the performance expected from a student as the result of training
What are TLO’s and EO’s?
Topic Learning Objectives State performance Behavior, Condition, and Standards students must meet as a result of completing the topic
Developed from one or more duties listed on the CTTL
Learning Objective that the trainee will accomplish by the end of the course
Enabling Objectives A specific statement of the behavior, condition, and standard
Developed from one or more task listed on the CTTL
Learning Objective that the trainee may accomplish at any point in the course after receiving appropriate training
Supports TO’s and other EO’s
What are the two methods of testing?
Knowledge Test- Measures achievement of objectives
Performance Test- Measures skills
What are the five learning levels a knowledge test item may test?
Comprehension Understanding what was taught
Application Use of knowledge in a job-related situation
Recall Remembering what was taught with an association of words, terms, and facts
Recognition Verbatim identification
Analysis Understanding information
What are the different types of performance test?
Process-step by step procedures required for the product
Product- observable results, something seen or touched
Combination- observable product w/step by step procedures leading to the result
What are the primary material used in presenting instruction?
Lesson plans I.G
Front Matter
Lesson topics- Intro, Presentation, Summary, Application, and Assignments
Instruction Sheets
Instructional Media Material Creates interest
Wall Charts
What is the purpose of using Instructional Media Material (IMM)?
Increases student understanding, interest and motivation
Fill gaps in training
What are the two types of instructor evaluations?
Classroom Evaluation
Laboratory Evaluation

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