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Mr. Corey test #3


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Muslim laws, the wayb Muhammad
the skills and methods used in he making of maps
What happened in Pompeii?
What happened in Pompeii is that in A.D. 79 Mount Vesuvius erupted and it covered Pompeii and thousands of people died.
Oral History
stories past down from generation to generation
standing army
a fighting force that is maintained in times of peaceas well as times of war
What is the difference between Christian and Muslim Art?
In Muslim Art it should praise Allah but not copy his creations, shapes, plants and flowers, no humans in picture, and decorated objects and in Christian Art it illustrates G-d's glory, religious figures, little everyday life, and mosaic tiles or wood carvings.
What economic and cultural activities took place in Cordoba?
Economic - workshops of silk, leather, carpets, paper, weapons, and crystal glass and farming. Cultural - 70 libraries, lots of books that were studied. Scholars went to Baghdad and came back with fresh ideas
What was Muhammads life like before becoming a prophet?
Muhammad was a caravan trader and he married a wealthy businesswoman before he became a prophet.
a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
a measure of distance north or south of the equator
When was Muhammad born?
He was born in A.D. 570
a ruler of Musilm community, viewed as a successor of Muhammed
a pattern of weather conditions in a certain location over a long period of time
a leader of Franks, who conquered the Roman province of Gaul in A.D 486
a group of people related by blood or marriage
a desert area that contains water
What factors made Mecca a center of religious activity?
The factors that made Mecca a center of religious activity was that people would come there on holy days for trade.
a person who moves from place to place rather than settling permanently
the study and recovery off physical evidence from the past
Who was Maimonides and what did he do?
A Jewish Scholar and he wrote and tought about many subjects and his work influenced Muslim and Christian thinkers.
What six things exist today that were introduced by the Romans?
Laws, aqueducts, military ways, mosaic arts, roads, and architecture.
What was the Battle of Tours?
The battle of Tours occured in A.D. 732 when the Frankish army confronted the Muslim army to stop their spread in western Europe. Charles Martel led the Franks to victory.
Omar Khayyam
a Persian-born Muslim poet who usually wrote in quatrain form and was also a great mathematician
Byzantine Empire
the Eastern Roman Empire, which was ruled from Constantinople and from the 4th century to the 15th century
What helped the Umayyads to succeed after losing power to the Abbasids?
Abd al-Rahman fled to Spain and re-established the Umayyad dynasty.
Why was Justinian a great ruler?
Justinian was a great ruler because he built Hagi Sophia, made the Justinian Code, and he recaptured some of the land Rome lost.
List eight countries that are considered part of the Middle East.
Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.
a structure designed to bring fresh water into a city or town
Discuss the advances in education that occured during the Golden Age of Islam.
Art and Design, Bookmaking, Literature, Mathematics and Astronomy, and Medicine.
the first emperor of Rome, who ruled from 27 B.C to A.D. 14
not under authority of the pope
Schism of 1054
The split of the church
What were the Punic Wars?
the Punic Wars were three wars between Rome and Carthage. Rome won all three wars. In the first war Rome beat and Carthage payed Rome. In the second war Hannibal who was from Carthage invaded Italy with 40 elephants. Rome gets mad and goes to Carthage with the Navy and wins the war. Hannibal runs away and kills himself. In the third war Rome crashes into Carthage with a boat which is an excuse to star a war. Rome wins and salts Carthage's earth.
Who is Charles Martel?
Charles Martel was a King and ruled the Franks and he defeated the Muslims in the Battle of Tours.
List three of the basic differences between the Sunni and Shi'a Muslims.
Early caliphs, Muslim ruler, and Sources of Islam
What are the five themes of geography?
location, place, region, human-environment interaction. and movement
What does GPS stand for and how does it work?
GPS stands for Global Positioning System and it works by a series of 24 to satellites to radios.
What areas did thge Umayyads add to the Muslim Empire?
Whole of North Africa from the Nile river to the Atlantic Ocean and Spain
a building for Muslim worship, designed to face the city of Mecca
the art of fine handwriting
Abd al-Malik
A Muslim ruler who became caliph in A.D. 685 made Arabic official language in all Muslim lands
Golden Age
a period in which a society or culture is at its peak
Iberian Peninsula
the southwestern tip of Europe
a small group whose interests run counter to those of a larger group of which they are part
a Greek phiosophy that stressed the importance of virtue, duty, and endurance and especially influential in ancient Rome
the capital of al-andalus
How many Muslims are Shiites and how many are Sunni?
Sunni - 996,000,000 Shiites - 192,000,000
the city which Muhammed had to flee to when the Meccans wanted to kill him
Rank the following religions based on size: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism
Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism
Why is Abraham important to the Muslims?
They believe he built the Ka`aba
What two important events occured during Constantine's rule?
The split of the church and Rome divides to east and west
What was the Abbasid Empire?
It controlled the Muslim Empire after beating the Umayyads and did that with help from other Muslims who hated the Umayyads.
the capital city of the abbasid empire
a system of departments and agencies that carry out the work of a government
Roman Catholic
under authority of the pope
How did trade routes influence Muhammad?
The Jews influenced him and gave him things he needed
a monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammed
a picture made out of many small colored tiles or pieces of glass
Muslim holy book
a form of government in which power rest in the citizens, who vote in order to elect new rulers
Describe the Golden Ages for the Jews during the Umayyads rule in Spain?
They were welcomed, some held high government offices, and had freedom.
What six reasons led to the fall of Rome?
Economic Decline, disloyal military, political corruption, slavery, lack of patriotism, and invasions.
the study of humans
Why did the Abbasids lose control of the Roman Empire?
Poor Leadership, Fatimid Revolt, and the Seljuk Turks.
What was the Fatimid Revolt?
The Fatimids fought the Abbasid and drove thm out of what today is Egypt and Tunisia
Who sacked Rome?
What are countries of Central and South America
Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panam, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela
Why did Muhammad have to leave Mecca?
Because the Meccans wanted to kill him.
a soldier who is paid to fight
Where are the countries of South and Central America and the other countries.
the pilgrimage to Mecca
Who was the last king of Rome? Why was the change from a king to a Republic considered a good thing for the citizens?
Tarquin the Proud; It was good for the citizens because now they could elect their oiwn leaders.
Who was al-Zahrawi?
The greatest doctor of the late 900['s.
a measure of distance east or west of the prime meridian
Around when did the Roman Empire begin and who built the city of Rome?
The Roman Empire began in 700 B.C. and the Latins built the city of Rome.
Who was Abd al-Rahman3rd
the eighth emir of al-Andalus during this al-Andalus reached the height of its power
Why are Muhammad's elected successors called rightly guided caliphs
they are called that because they are guided rightly by Muhammad. According to Islam that is what it is
the holy city in the Muslim religion in which you must make one pilgrimage to in your life
What is the tip of South America called?

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