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health final


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polysaturated fats
fatty acids with many doubles and singles
health problems likely to occur in the obese
-cardiovascular problems -sleep apnea -type 2 diabetes
monosaturated fats
fatty acids with one double bond and many singles
hydrostatic weighing technique
method of determining body fat by measuring the amount of water displaced when a person is completely submerged
body mass index
a technique of weight assessment based on the relationship of weight and height
cerebrovascular accident
-stroke -the sudden death of some brain cells due to the lack of oxygen when blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain
eating behavior factors
-personal preferences -habit -emotional comfort -social interaction
minimal amount of exercise to reduce heart disease
-walking -gardening -housework -dancing
bioelectric impedance
-hook up your arm and leg to electric device -determines % body fat, body water aka. body composition
key environmental factors encouraging food overconsumption
-advertisements -bottle fed infants -women in the workforce -tv, video games, computers
theories of cancer development
-smoking -obesity -sun -alcohol
cigarette smoking - % of cancer deaths
-87% are lung cancer -30% of all cancer
# pounds of garbage generated per person per day
1 ton per year; total of 220 million
psychosocial factors contributing to obesity
-insecurities -needs and wants -unemployment -break up -good behavior
factors for success in weight loss maintenance
-exercise -keeping weight control -realistic goals -understanding calories
components for effective treatment of eating disorders
-long term therapy -redusing the threat to life -patient needs to be stabilized -depression
components of physical fitness programs
-cardiorespiratory fitness -flexibility -muscular strength and endurance -body composition
risk factors for cancer
-diet -sedentary lifestyle -consumption of alcohol -cigarettes -stress
risk factors for breast cancer
-mother or sister had it -long menstrual cycle -family history -obesity -never having children until after 30(50)
symptoms of prostate cancer
-mimic signs of infection -trouble starting to urinate -weak urine flow -pain in lower back and thighs
symptoms of testicular cancer
-enlargement of testis -often painless -thickening of tissue
seven warning signs of cancer
C-change in bowel A-a sore that does not heal U-unusual bleeding or discharge T-thickening or lump I-indigestion or bad swallowing O-obvious change in wart or mole N-nagging cough or hoarseness
benefits of regular physical activity
-helps control weight -builds/maintains healthy bones/joints/muscles -reduces stress -helps immune system
treatment for fitness injuries
R-rest I-ice C-compression E-elevation
how to prevent overuse injuries
-clothing -footwear -equipment -stretching
sports drinks
-sodium -electrolytes -carbohydrates -protein -6% better than water
controllable risk factors for disease
-age at time of disease -preexisting level of immunity -nutritional status -personal habits
food pyramid
rdas guide to eating
fats, oils, sweets
milk, yogurt, cheese
meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, nuts
bread, cereal, rice, and pasta
aerobic capacity
the current functional status of a persons cardiovascular system
the measure of the range of motion of the amount of movement possible, at a particular joint
muscular strength
the amount of force that a muscle is capable of exerting
muscular endurance
a muscles ability to exert force repeatidly without fatiguing
condition characterized by deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, calcium and fibrin, in the inner lining of an artery
percentage of diet: fat/protein/carbohydrate
-38% fat -15% protein -22% carbohydrates
mold exposure
can cause -allergic reactions -irritation of tissues -infections -toxic effects
air fresheners
-add pollutents to deaden your sense of smell -cause irritation to nose and lungs -add more bacteria to the air
myocardial infarction
heart attack
large groups of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
very dangerous or harmful; refers to a cancerous tumor
harmless; refers to a noncancerous tumor
exposure to loud noise
-reduces prductivity -concentration level decreases -attention span decreases -disturbed sleep -headaches
formeldehyde exposure
-colorless, strong smelling gas found on -carpets -draperies -furniture -wood paneling can cause -dizziness -fatigue -nausea
disease causeing agent
carbon monoxide
an ordorless, colorless gas that originates primarily from motor vehicle emissions
a gas formed when nitrogen dioxide interacts with hydrogen chloride
primary sources of indoor air pollution
sources that release gas and particles -woodstove smoke -furnace -radon -household chemicals
"recommended dietary allowances" -the average daily intakes of energy and nutrients considered adequate to meet the needs of most healthy people in the US
high density lipoprotein -compounds that facilitate the transport of cholesterol in the blood to the lever for metabolism and elimination from the body
low density lipoproteins -compounds that facilitate the transport of cholesterol in the blood to the bodys cells
effects of acid rain
-damages lakes -destroys trees -causes --bronchitis --asthma
lead poisoning
found in -paints -batteries -drinking water -pipes affects -circulatory -reproductive -urinary -nervous can cause -birth defects -behavioral abnormalities
concerns of overpopulation
the world cannot hold as many people as we are able to produce
-affects 18 million -2000 each day get infected -pancreas doesnt work properly -symptoms --excessive thirst --frequent urination --hunger --tingly sensation
dietary modifications of PMS
-decreasing caffeine and salt intake -practice stress reduction -increase carbohydrates -getting exercise
the indigestible portion of plant foods that moves foot through the digestive system and absorbs water
a unit of measure that indicates the amount of energy obtained from a particular food
an inborn physiological response to nutritional needs
controllable risk factors for heart disease
-avoid tobacco -cutback on saturated fats -moitor cholesterol levels -change lifestyle -manage stress -exercise
symptoms of a stroke
-sudden weakness -sudden dimness -loss of speech -severe headache -unexplained dizziness
HIV: new cases; methods of transmission
-5 million new cases world wide in 2002 -transported by body fluids --semen --vaginal secretions --blood
most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in US
chlamydia 800,000 people
congestive heart failure
-affects more than 5 million people -dramatically increases the risk of premature death -may be injured by: --rheumatic fever --pheumonia --heart attack
defence against CVD
prevent it from developing in the first place
number one cause of death worldwide
cardiovascular disease
source of e.coli infections
-ground beef that is rare -unpasteurized milk -drinking and swimminf in sewagy water -petting animals
-the smallest pathogens -there are more than 150 ex. --common cold --influenza --mononeuclosis
behaviors that compromise the immune system
-unprotected sex -no coat -vaccines

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