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Health Psychology chap7-chap12


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compassion fatigue
not too close, not too far from patients
physician impairment
a state in which stress-related symptoms interfere with the physician\'s ability to perform his or her job. (substance abuse, alcoholic, drug)
role strain (gender issue)
female feel torn by the demands of multipel roles (mother, physician, wife...)
advanced-practice nursing
nursing that include teaching, consulting, and research within a speciality area.
name 2 advanced-practice nursing
1. clinical nurse specialist: master\'s or doctorial degree in nursing. 2. nurse practitioner: might work in rural, remote settings \"caring & curing overlap\"
job strain model
suggests a job with high strain is one that includes high demands & low control.
name 2 other health care professionals (except physician and nurse)
1. pysiotherapist 2. technologiest
health promotion
strategies intend to maintain or improve health of large population.
3 level framework for successful community-oriented health promotion
1.medical :disease treatment 2.public health: disease prevention 3.sociaoenvironmental : social change & public health policy.
exercise, diet, risk behaviours, voluntary screening, regular medical chackups.
mutual aid
we have responsibility to family, friends, loved ones, and for that matter, society as whole when it comes to health & safety.
how can health promotion reduce inequities?
1. naturally occurring support : support from friends, families... 2. agency-provided support: provided by agency & organization
3 types of social support
1. practical support: help with the daily living, getting meals, going to medical appointment 2. informational support: being told about treatment options, what to do to speed recovery 3. emotional support: understand fears & frustrations.
elaboration likelihood model of persuation (2 routes)
1. central route: use of logic, facts, and reason. 2. peripheral route: appeal to emotion & general impression
Driven-reduction theory
we are driven to reduce the tention brought about by deprivation or other states to which we have an aversion.
person feels responsible for a given emotion or situation -applies fear, guilt and regret.
the precede-proceed model
a way to facilitate & analyze health promotion programs from the planning stages through to their implementation & impact.
7 standards in evaluation system (health promotion)
1. arbitrary standards 2. experiential standards 3. historical standards 4. normative standards 5. scientific standards 6. propriety standards 7. feasibility standards
difference between sport psychology & exercise psychology.
sport psychology: mind-to body relationship exercise psychology: body-to- mind psychology
physical activity
a function of bodily movements produced by skeletal muscles.
physical fitness
physiological functioning & describes attribues we have that influence the ability to perform physical activity
too inclusive & it is difficult to distinguish activities. activity that involves rule or limits a sense of history.
health-illness continunm
each level mede up of five components 1.mental 2.physical 3.emotional 5. spiritual health
what are active leisure & passive leisure?
active: extreme positive experience associated with activities such as hobbies. passive: positive experience that is associated with lack of activity. (listening to music)
5 forms of physical activity
1. isometric exercise 2. isotonic exercise 3. isokinetic exercise 4.anaerobic exercise 5.aerobic exercise
4 efficacy expectations in physical activity
1. performance accomplishments 2. vicarious accomplishments 3. verbal persuasion 4. emotional arousal
one of the ways that people think -correct bad habits -focus attention -modify activation -up self-confidence & efficacy -maintain exercise behaviour.
2 different goal perspectives: (orientation)
-ego orientation: success & failure -task orientation: satisfaction is derived more from the sense of competence experienced through improvement
3 different types of goal-setting
1. outcome goals: result of outcomes of events & usually involve comparison to others. 2. performance goals: outcome that can be achieved independently of others performance. 3. process goals: focus on specific processes that a performer will be concerned with during a performance.
2 different kinds of approaches in injury.
1. stages-of-reaction approach 2. the cognitive appraisal approach: views an injury in the context of stress & coping model.
2 types of concussion
1. acceleration-deceleration injury: immobile head is hit by a moving object or moving head his an immobile object 2. rotational injury: result from a blow to the side of the head
second-impact syndrome
athelete who has suffered a concussion returns to activity too soon& receives another blow to the head, which ca result in much greater trauma to the brain than that initially experienced.
post-concussion syndrome
a set of syndromes including memory problems, difficulties in concentration, complaints such as headaches dizziness and irritability.
4 types of regular smokers
1. positive-affect smoker 2. negative-affect smoker 3. habitual smoker 4. addictive smoker
what is the disease which 80% of death in smokers.
lung cancer
what is the disease which are all experienced by smokers?
chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)
term of second-hand smoke
environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)
chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)
disease which experienced by all smokers
what is the 80% death cause in smoking?
lung cancer
what is the term of second-hand smoke
environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)
unpleasant symptoms that people experience when they stop using a substance they have become dependent
therapy to quit smoking
-nicotine-replacement therapy -aversion therapy -self-management strategies: self-monitoring, stimulus control, behavioural contravting
the alcohol use in bevarages. it is like a depressant drugs
fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
the range of disabilities aused by prenatal exposure to alcohol theses effects are perment
2 types of alcoholism
-gamma alcoholism: loss of control one drinking begins. -delta alcoholism: inability to abstain (断つことができない)
alcohol myopia
drinker\'s decrease ability to engage in insightful cognitive processing
stages of change model (to quit smoking)
-precontemplation -contemplation -preparation -action -maintenance -relapse
leads short-term memory, judgement, time perception
dramatically affect perception, emotions mental processes, can result in hallucinations
-stimulant drug -increase alterness, feelings of euphobia
Information-motivation-behavioural skills model
steps to go through to engage in safe-sex practices.
excess of body fat, 25% or weight in women, 18% in men.
3 psychological approaches to obesity.
1. social facilitation approach : eat groups 2.modelling or matching effect: people tend to eat as much as do those in their presence. 3. impression management approach:observed and evaluated.
surgical treatment in obesity
-gastric bypass: a small pouch is created at the bottom of the esophogus to limit food intake -gastric bonding: placing a band around the stomach so that a person feels full after consuming only a small portion.
3 types of eating disorder:
1. bulimia nervosa 2.anorexia nervosa 3.binge eating disorder (BEP)
body dysmorphic disorder
condition in which individuals who suffer from eating disorders do not perceive their bodies accurately.
major 3 function that \"pain\" serves.
1. prevent serious injury. 2. basis of learning to avoid injurious objects or situations that may occur at a later time. 3. limit on activity & enforce inactivity & rest.
2 fibres in peripheral NS for pain.
1.A-delta fibres 2.C-fibres
gate control theory
neural mechamism in the dorsal horns of the spinal cord acts like a gate.
phantom limb pain
neuromatrix theory
extension of gate theory. greater emphasis placed on the brain\'s role in pain perception.
3 types of chronic pain
1. chronic recurrent pain 2. chronic intractable benign pain 3. chronic progressive pain
pain behaviour
reduce pain or prevent from getting worse, the tendency to continue the behaviour is reinforced. (limping, sleeping disturbance)
3 psychophysiological measures in of pain
1. electromypgraph (EMG) 2. autonomic activity 3. electroencephalograph (EEG)
pharmacological control pain
1. peripherally acting analgesics 2. centrally acting analogesis 3. local anaestherics
other control of pain
1. transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) 2. acupuncture 3. physical therapy
teach patients to exert voluntary control over a bodily process that they are usually unaware of, such as heart rate.
an altered state of consciousness.
the study of & treatment of cancer.
grow uncontrolled cells & destroy normal ones. and spread to other parts.
intrusive memories
unwanted thoughts often visual in nature, that are related to memories that the patient has about cancer & death.
cancer treatments (4)
1. radical surgery 2. radiation therapy 3. chemotherapy 4. adjuvant therapy
3 types of diabetes
1. insulin-dependent diabetes (type 1) 2. non-insulin-dependent diabetes (type2) 3. gestational diabetes
low blood sugar
3 types of conditions of cariovascular system
1. myocardial infarction (MI) 2. coronary artery bypas graft (CABG) 3. angioplasty
major treatment of AIDS
-high active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) -protease inhibitor
quality of life
the extent to which symptoms & treatment affect a person\'s physical, social,cognitive emotional function.
reaction to impending death
-denial -anger -bargaining -depression -acceptance
emotions attendant upon the loss of a close friends of loved ones.
deep sorrow, usually in response to bereavement.

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